You could be disowned, you could be exiled, or you can even be killed. Honor is essential to the Greeks and life would not be worth living without it. The poem is after all about Achilleus, a great warrior that fought hard and attained much glory in doing so. To the victor went more than the battle armor.
On the flip side of the pursuit of glory and respect, is the avoidance of shame and humility for not taking part in war or not risking your life. It is common to keep your female prizes as your own; however, Achilleus felt that his ego was tested when he was asked to return her.
This became one of the centerpieces for the conflict between Achilleus and Agamemnon, when a quarrel arose and Achilleus was asked to allow Briseis, a prize that he won in battle, to go back to her land.
This went hand in hand with the honor factor, it would be shameful for him to oblige and give back what he rightfully won. The warrior who was most feared was the warrior that got the most respect and admirations from the generations that would follow.
When Hektor is advised by his own wife not to go to battle he makes it very clear that its not an option, he cannot fathom any deed which may lead to him being thought a coward or a less than honorable hero.
The objective of attaining Kleos was the centerpiece of life. They would regularly take their pick of the local women to take back with them and "lay in bed together". When a warrior or hero is advised to avoid risking their life in battle it almost drives them even further towards the deed.
It would be brought back to the homeland and displayed as a sign of power; this is how Kleos was attained, and how respect was earned.
A predominant and consistent theme of honor and glory reside throughout the poem. The shame that one would feel from avoiding battle is evident in many cases throughout the poem. Many great men perished during the Trojan war because it was not in their wishes to conceive defeat and fall back, they had to fight to the death, it was the only way.
It is better to be killed in action rather than to live and be thought a coward. The hero often finds himself in "kill or be killed" situations where they are fighting their opponents will and desire for glory and their loathing and unacceptability of shame.
Emphasis is put on living by the heroic code. A Homeric warrior would be greatly shamed if he were to turn his back on a battle or confrontation even if he is certain that if he fights, he will die. If you ran from battle you might as well keep running because you will be looked upon as a failure, as a scab, as an embarrassment to the native land and your family.
When a battle took place, it was one on one. After all, she was a symbol of Kleos, by giving her back he was losing something which he strived so hard to attain. The motivation for any Homeric Greek is glory, or "Kleos", that is to be honored and respected among their people.
This is how the Homeric Greeks kept tallies. To be shamed in life is far, far worse than to be killed in battle.The Iliad Greek Mythology is dominated by numerous heroes, all with unique super-human qualities.
The purpose of every story is to demonstrate each character’s remarkable “gift.” Some of the qualities represented by these colorful characters include caution, confidence, kindness, strength, and courage.
In ancient Greece, heroes were people who demonstrated great feats of strength and tremendous courage in battle.
Greek heroes possessed wealth, power, and courage which earned them respect and honor in the community. In the Iliad, Homer tells the story of two warriors, Achilleus and Hektor, both of whom exhibit many of the qualities of a.
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The Iliad is an epic tale of war and hero's within the Greek way of life. A predominant and consistent theme of honor and glory reside throughout the poem. The motivation for any Homeric Greek is glory, or "Kleos", that is to be honored and respected among their people.Download