European colonization of the americas essay

However, no matter the system, they were all alien, authoritarian, and bureaucratic, and distorted African political and social organizations and undermined their moral authority and political legitimacy as governing structures.

Colonization of America

The Spaniards just having finished a war against the Muslims in the Iberian peninsula replaced the Amerindian local oligarchies and impose a new religion: This scramble was so intense that there were fears that it could lead to inter-imperialist conflicts and even wars.

However, since France would not provide the educational system to train all its colonized subjects to speak French and would not establish administrative and social systems to employ all its subjects, assimilation was more an imperialist political and ideological posture than a serious political objective.

Cartographers still use a Latinized version of his first name, America, for the two continents. But as the length of some resistance struggles amply demonstrates, Africans put up the best resistance with the resources they had.

Africans, who were taken aboard slave ships to the Americas, were primarily obtained from their African homelands by coastal tribes who captured and sold them. About 16, French men and women became colonizers.

The Principle of Notification Notifying other powers of a territorial annexation The Principle of Effective Occupation to validate the annexations Freedom of Trade in the Congo Basin Freedom of Navigation on the Niger and Congo Rivers Freedom of Trade to all nations Suppression of the Slave Trade by land and sea This treaty, drawn up without African participation, provided the basis for the subsequent partition, invasion, and colonization of Africa by various European powers.

For example, potential citizens were supposed to speak French fluently, to have served the French meritoriously, to have won an award, and so on.

The Colonization of Africa

He made some local laws and policies, however. European diseases and cruel systems of work the famous haciendas and mining industry decimated the Amerindian population.

France, the third of the three large European nations colonizing America, attempted to make themselves allies with Native Americas for support in helping them expand.

This situation was compounded by commercial conflicts between Europeans and Africans. Assimilation The French, for their part, established a highly centralized administrative system that was influenced by their ideology of colonialism and their national tradition of extreme administrative centralism.

Colonial policies and directives were implemented through a central administrative organization or a colonial secretariat, with officers responsible for different departments such as Revenue, Agriculture, Trade, Transport, Health, Education, Police, Prison, and so on.

This was partly for political and technological reasons. Thus it was the interplay of these economic, political, and social factors and forces that led to the scramble for Africa and the frenzied attempts by European commercial, military, and political agents to declare and establish a stake in different parts of the continent through inter-imperialist commercial competition, the declaration of exclusive claims to European colonization of the americas essay territories for trade, the imposition of tariffs against other European traders, and claims to exclusive control of waterways and commercial routes in different parts of Africa.

As Italy intensified pressure in the s to impose its rule over Ethiopia, the Ethiopians organized to resist. For this last tactic he acquired arms, especially quick-firing rifles, from European merchant and traders in Sierra Leone and Senegal.

Eventually he was captured and, inexiled to Gabon, where he died in African forces in general fought with bows, arrows, spears, swords, old rifles, and cavalries; the European forces, beneficiaries of the technical fruits of the Industrial Revolution, fought with more deadly firearms, machines guns, new rifles, and artillery guns.

Black African slaves were introduced to substitute the Amerindian. The lure of cheap land, religious freedom and the right to improve themselves with their own hand was very attractive.

Long after the British formally colonized Igboland, they had not fully mastered the territory. Some claimed that a native who had rebelled and then been captured could be enslaved nonetheless. In general, indirect rule worked fairly well in areas that had long-established centralized state systems such as chiefdoms, city-states, kingdoms, and empires, with their functional administrative and judicial systems of government.

Portugal in the Age of DiscoverySpanish colonization of the Americasand First European colonization wave 15th century—19th century The first phase of well-financed European activity in the Americas began with the Atlantic Ocean crossings of Christopher Columbus —sponsored by Spain, whose original attempt was to find a new route to India and China, known as " the Indies ".

They were intrigued by all these new things from America, and realized they really had just inherited the wisdom and authority in which they lived by. Some of its major articles were as follows: Naturally Africans resisted and insisted on the maintenance of a system of commercial interaction with foreigners which expressed their sovereignties as autonomous political and economic entities and actors.

One way to demonstrate national preeminence was through the acquisition of territories around the world, including Africa. In general, small-scale societies, the decentralized societies erroneously known as "stateless" societiesused guerrilla warfare because of their size and the absence of standing or professional armies.

Colonists often faced the threat of attacks from neighboring colonies, as well as from indigenous tribes and pirates. The knowledge gained from explorations gave many Europeans new ideas and brought many stories of diverse cultures to them.

In fact, recent archaeological excavations have suggested a vast Spanish-Indian alliance numbering in the hundreds of thousands. Later, with the arrival of other European colonial powers in the New World, the enslavement of native populations increased, as these empires lacked legislation against slavery until decades later.

Spain was able to establish control through the Gulf of Mexico, conquering tribes such as the Aztecs, and gained much prestige and wealth along the way. Two years later, Charles V signed the New Laws which replaced the Laws of Burgos of prohibiting slavery and the repartimientosbut also claiming as his own all the American lands and all of the indigenous people as his own subjects.

Painting depicting a Castas with his mixed-race daughter and his Mulatta wife by Miguel CabreraWhen in Maythe Pope Alexander VI issued the Inter caetera bull granting the new lands to the Kingdom of Spainhe requested in exchange an evangelization of the people.

european colonization of the americas

Instead, it developed the perverse view that the colonized should pay for their colonial domination. Atlantic slave trade African slaves 17th-century Virginia The process of Christianization was at first violent: The technological factor was expressed in the radical disparity between the technologies of warfare deployed by the contending European and African forces.

The colonial state was the machinery of administrative domination established to facilitate effective control and exploitation of the colonized societies.The European colonization of the Americas describes the history of the settlement and establishment of control of the continents of the Americas by most of the naval powers of Europe.

Political map of the Americas in Spanish conquistador style armour.

European Colonization of the Americas

France, the third of the three large European nations colonizing America, attempted to make themselves allies with Native Americas for support in helping them expand.

King Louis XIV of France was able to centralize the monarchy's power like never before, and strengthened everything in preparation for further colonization in America.4/4(1).

European colonization of the Americas

Colonization Of America Essay Examples. 8 total results. European Colonialism in America and Native Indians. words. 1 page. An Overview of the Colonization of the America. words. European Colonization of America that Robbed the Indians of their Land, Identity and Culture.

words. 2 pages. The Colonization of Africa Ehiedu E. G. Iweriebor – Hunter College. Between the s andAfrica faced European imperialist aggression, diplomatic pressures, military invasions, and eventual conquest and colonization. european colonization of the americas Essays: Overeuropean colonization of the americas Essays, european colonization of the americas Term Papers, european colonization of the americas Research Paper, Book Reports.

ESSAYS, term and research papers available for UNLIMITED access. European Colonization of the Americas This Essay European Colonization of the Americas and other 64,+ term papers, college essay examples and free essays are available now on Autor: review • December 18, • Essay • Words (2 Pages) • 1, Views4/4(1).

European colonization of the americas essay
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